NFPA 80 is a comprehensive standard that sets the minimum requirements for fire doors or smoke doors, and other protective openings in buildings. It covers various aspects of fire door installation, from material specifications to inspection protocols, ensuring that these critical components function effectively in the event of a fire.

nfpa 80 fire door requirements

Credit on Koorsen

The primary goal of NFPA 80 is to safeguard lives and property by providing a framework for the proper installation, inspection, and maintenance of fire doors. By adhering to these guidelines, architects can better equip the buildings to contain fires and prevent the spread of smoke and flames.

Requirements for Materials

NFPA 80 stipulates that fire door and smoke door must be constructed from materials capable of withstanding fire conditions. Steel, wood, and aluminum are commonly used since they offer unique benefits in terms of fire resistance and functionality. However, stainless steel stands out as an ideal material. Its high melting point, strength, and corrosion resistance make it a superior choice for fire door applications. Stainless steel fire door closers are particularly effective in maintaining their structural integrity under extreme heat, a key factor in preventing the spread of fire and smoke.

Waterson nfpa 80 fire door hinges

Waterson stainless steel fire door hinges

Basic Criteria for Fire Door Assembly Inspection with Door Closers

  • Self-Closing Mechanisms: Ensure door closers or spring hinges are in place and operational, guaranteeing the durable self-closing functionality.
  • Operational Check for Efficiency: Assess the door closer’s performance in conjunction with the door and frame. They should provide a smooth and controlled closing action, critical for maintaining fire door or smoke door integrity
  • Component Inspection: Confirming no missing or broken parts, with immediate repair or replacement if needed.
  • Clearance Measurement: Measure door clearances to ensure they fall within NFPA 80 specified limits, typically no more than 3/4 inch at the bottom and 1/8 inch around the remaining sides.
  • Latching Mechanism Verification: The door closer must exert sufficient force to engage the latch, ensuring the door stays closed and latched during a fire, which is critical for compartmentalization and preventing the spread of fire and smoke.

To read more information about NFPA 80 – Fire Door, click here.

NFPA 80 Compliance with Stainless Steel Self-Closing Hinges

Waterson stainless steel self-closing fire-rated hinges have gone through the challenging one million cycles test. This standard demonstrating robust durability and reliable self-closing functionality, which essential for fire safety. These hinges efficiently close doors from a 90-degree open position. Moreover, the ANSI/BHMA A156.17 standards also make sure these hinges suitability for high-traffic and diverse door applications.

Waterson nfpa 80 fire door hinges

The adjustable spring tension suits the doors weighing between 260 lbs and 440 lbs with three to four hinges. Additionally, Waterson fire-rated door hinges adhere to NFPA 80 clearances, maintaining less than 3/4 inch at the bottom and 1/8 inch on the other sides. They also ensure doors remain securely latched in closed positions, vital for fire-rated door integrity.

Waterson Heavy Duty Stainless Steel Door Hinges

Waterson Closer Hinges combine an overhead closer and hinge into one attractive component with optional hold-open and door stop features. These hinges are ideal for commercial openings, gates, and glass doors. These closer hinges are easily installed and adjusted to comply with ADA & ICC A117.1 requirements for opening force and to assure quiet, secure closing. Made with stainless steel, Waterson closer hinges meet NFPA 80 and are UL 3-hour fire-rated, as well as being one of the best door hinges for both interior and all-weather exterior openings. See all our features.

Request For Information

Please note that Waterson Closer Hinges start from a size of 4″x4″. If you’re in need of smaller self-closing hinges, we’d recommend checking out some other resources! Also, we only provide single acting closer hinges. Thank you.

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